Is early alcohol consumption related to adult alcohol use? Longitudinal analyses based on the Northern Sweden Cohort

Paul Delfabbro, Anne Hammarström

Abstract


Delfabbro, P., & Hammarström, A. (2014). Is early alcohol consumption related to adult alcohol use? Longitudinal analyses based on the Northern Sweden Cohort. The International Journal Of Alcohol And Drug Research, 3(4), 227-233. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.7895/ijadr.v3i4.187

Aim: This paper examines whether early alcohol consumption is related to adult alcohol consumption and self-reported health.

Design: 1,083 people were tracked from the age of 16 years in 1981 to the age of 43, with 94% of the living respondents (n = 1,010) retained in the study.


Setting: Data were drawn from the Northern Swedish Cohort study.

Measures: Alcohol consumption at age 16 was the independent measure. Dependent measures included the level of alcohol consumption at age 43 years and self-reported health status. Socio-demographic control variables included parental relationship status, occupational status and employment, as well as the respondent’s smoking status and level of social alienation.

Findings: Women who drank alcohol at greater amounts at age 16 were more likely to drink at a higher level at age 43. No relationship was found between male consumption at age 16 and health or alcohol consumption at age 43. Alcohol consumption at age 16 was not significantly related to self-reported health at age 43 after other background variables had been controlled.

Conclusions: The results partially support previous research indicating an association between adolescent and longer-term adult drinking and health, but also highlight the importance of examining the role of socio-demographic factors as influential confounding variables.


Keywords


alcohol consumption; health outcomes; middle adulthood; longitudinal

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7895/ijadr.v3i4.187

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